We began the week by discussing with our tutors, what we hope for our future careers. This took the form of an informal presentation, where classmates were encouraged to get involved and think about specific design industries and studios.
This is an exciting time in the course. Suddenly the real world is on the horizon!
I was happy to share my ideas with the group, however, what I realised is:
I don’t really have a clear idea yet.
I might know what I admire in other’s work, but I hope my path will become clearer as I continue to work on briefs and keep my eye open to new ideas.
I don’t have much confidence in my work. For example, I can look at a beautiful editoral layout that uses experimental elements, but to believe that I am capable of anything nearly as inspiring?
I know at least one thing. That the morals and ethics are number 1 for me. That art, healthcare and education are the topics I am most passionate about if I had to narrow it down.
The group was smaller in size today. I enjoyed this experience much more because I got to hear from every individual. I felt more involved and enjoyed participating in discussions. I like being able to offer advice to others and be supportive.
Researching studios could really be an endless task! I’m sure if I continued to research it would influence me further.
I realised afterwards that I never mentioned printmaking, but printmaking is normally used as part of an illustrators process, rather than a discipline in itself.
We discussed that what I may be more interested in is the concept itself, as in creative direction.
Sketchbook Logotype Experimentation
This week, I continued to experiment with monograms in my sketchbook. I used a felt tip pen to sketch these ideas. I then took 4 of these ideas forward and drew them using a paintbrush and purple ink. (The purple had no significance, I used it because I wanted a dark colour for contrast and couldn’t find the black ink at home.)
(below) I then used collage pieces to create the letterforms from paper, using scissors. I layered these on the page, considering the composition and negative space.
(Below, right) I wanted to see the effect water would have with the ink. I wet the page with water then drew the ‘DB’ with ink and the end of the paintbrush. Below this, I drew the Db with diluted ink. I like the softness of this.
I scanned these experimentations and placed them into Adobe Illustrator.
I Image-traced them. For example, the grey monograms above were made by selecting ‘shades of grey’ and the darker monograms beneath were from selecting ‘silhouette’. I then played with Effect > Stylize > Scribble. This gave the letterforms a rougher appearance.
On one monogram, I used a box to place the initials in and crop the edges off. I chose a square because I feel I have the square characteristics (from last week’s workshop).
Sketchbook Logo shapes
Further experimentation with squares and circles.
I looked at how designers have used shapes within their logo designs.
Fedoriv’s identity for Rezult
‘Korosten MDF Plant in Ukraine is an environmentally friendly factory producing laminate flooring and medium-density fiberboard (MDF) panels.‘ In this example, Fedoriv have formed the ‘R’ using a rectangle as a separate shape to the rest of the letterform. It looks as though it is holding up the rest of the ‘R’. This gives the impression of stability, reflecting the theme of construction.
Development of dovetail joint symbol, logo, and signage. Jack Renwick Studio, Carpenters Wharf
(Above) The squares are rotated and divided by a wood joint line. The texture of wood is key in the identity and is used within the square shape.
The square pattern looks like a kind of rectangular puzzle grid and is placed within the letterforms.
ico Design, Burst
For the identity for this oral care brand, ico Design have constructed the letterforms from a repetition of circles.
From Letterhead Logo Design II (Rockport) by Design Army:
‘We believe in simplicity. In fact, you could say that it’s part of our identity. Our logo is a star. Our colors are red, brown, and mint green We use one typeface. It’s simple, consistent, effective—all the things you’d expect from a powerful brand. Simplicity is perfection…Along the way, we conﬁrmed what we already knew: It’s the little thoughts that have the biggest impact.’
Visual identity for Design Army
Default’s design for Merge Architectur
Blok Design’s identity for Taller De EmpresaAsli Kuris Design, for the client Ayse Ebru Tuner
This receipt was from the cafe I ate at this week. I like the way the ‘c’ and ‘o’ have been entwined.
Below: The author’s initials are combined to create this geometric monogram. The monogram is appropriate for the theme, since Douglas Adams is a science fiction writer.
This professional practice module asks us to consider ‘What is my professional identity?’ I’m beginning to think about my future as a creative practitioner, this means continuing to reflect on what I like and what I see myself doing from day to day. What do I want to communicate about myself? We make these choices everyday, by the way we talk, what brands we wear/use and our lifestyle. These all communicate our ‘self-design’.
First I need to have an understanding of who I am and how I could place myself in society. The 2 books (below) helped me to think about this topic.
Help Yourself: The Rise of Self Design by Mieke Gerritzen
From Help Yourself: The RIse of Self Design by Mieke Gerritzen
This book made me think, right from the first page. The tone of the introduction is speculative with thought-provoking facts sprinkled in. I love the playful design throughout the book and sense of humour. I found it easy to read, mainly due to the use of the underlying grid, colour combinatons and variety of display types which reflect ads found in a newspaper.
The cover of this book immediately reminds me of ‘The Media’. The type makes me think of newspaper headlines designed to grab the reader’s attention. Along with the circular ‘First book on self-design’ message that imitates a sticker, it appears as a parody of this tabloid style.
In this book, Gerritzen references the increase of self-help articles in today’s world. He mentions the pressure we are all under (from the media) to lead the perfect life. He explains in his introduction that everything else in our culture is designed ‘from spoons to entire cities’. He suggests that self-design could be a new form of creativity.
Science tells us who we are. But who we want to be, is a matter of culture.
Another section of Gerritzen’s introduction made me consider. People in the public eye, politicians/leaders (his example being Barak Obama) have a precisely designed image. They need to portray this image to get across a certain message to the public. I already knew this. But I never considered that the ordinary person is doing the same thing. Are we all just as influential?
Especially with the use of social media, it has become even easier to produce a public image that doesn’t need to even mirror reality if you don’t want it to!
Does this mean we are all in some way, designers?
From Help Yourself: The RIse of Self Design by Mieke GerritzenFrom Help Yourself: The RIse of Self Design by Mieke Gerritzen
Becoming an Artwork by Boris Groys
Our image belongs to others, to the society in which we live.
Our body is a thing in the world. Our experience of our bodies is subjective because we cant see ourselves from outside our selves. Where the inner world might be spirirt or energy, the part that others can access through their gaze is the image of you. Pure contemplation vs. worldy desires as explored/ illustrated in the story of Narcissus gazing at his reflection in the lake. He compared Narcissus’ reflection to an early form of a ‘seflie’.
‘We are unable to like ourselves unless we assume that we are liked by the society in which we live.’
The body allows us to be identified by others but it also hides our secret world within. Our thoughts and feelings are inaccessible to others. They can only see what we chose to reveal.
When our society was driven by religious beliefs and motives, there was a focus on the spirit within us being ‘pure’ or ‘unpure’ because God and the devil were beieved to have the power to see within our souls. Now that these beliefs do not pay a huge part in society, we have become as a collective, more concerned with what we and others look like on the outside. Society values public image.
Humans are ready to risk their lives and even to sacrifice them for recognition and admiration by society. The history of wars and revolutions certify that.
How can I present my identity?
Typeface, illustration and other elements can be used to express my individual identity as a designer. I looked at several design studios as part of my research for a presentation next week. The presentation will be to present 3 case studies. One of the groups I felt inspired by was Charlie Smith Design.
I looked at the way they present themself on their website and Instagram page.
(Helping to frame what I like could help me to frame myself in future.)
Charlie Smith Design website
The use of black type on a white background presents a clean and professional look, emphasised by the central alignment of the site menu and description of the company. Their work has been photographed in a well-lit setting, using different, appropriate colours for the background. This gives a harmonious sense to the work.
Their Instagram page feels light and joyful due to the work they have selected to post on the page.
What to consider – when presenting myself
Style (shown in portfolio)
USP/ what I offer/ different from others
Showing-off – being confident ‘I want this job, I’m going to be really good at this’
Examples of past work
What inspires you- your passions- Your values for e.g. if working for charities is important to you
It’s OK to be honest ‘I want to do this better’ ‘I want to learn this’ ‘I’m in love with printing materials’
Logo = A unique identifying symbol > labelling something
An early example of this is the maker’s marks on pottery.
Brand = Putting a mark on something to indicate ownership
Medieval soldiers were branded to indicate who they were owned by.
Design as art by Bruno Munari. These illustrations show us how the human face can be represented in a huge variation of ways. Everyone can have their unique way of expressing themself.
A Mon is a Japanese emblem using simplified shapes from plants or animals. They are used to identify the different families. The Mitsubushi logo is the fusion of the 2 family crests, one being organic and one being geometric. These shapes merged together create something unique.
Examples of Japanese mon. They were always monochromatic, meaning that they could appear in any colour and still have the same meaning, unlike in the European coat of arms for example where colour was a very important signifier.
Bauhaus logo by Oskar Schlemmer, 1922. This symbol uses geometric structures, very reflective of the modernism made famous by the Bauhaus movement. Their use of sharp and defined shapes can also be seen (below) in El Lissitzky’s letterhead design (1924).
This letterhead symbol was Lissizky’s personal mark.
Another personal mark from the Bauhaus era is by Piet Zwart. He used a black square to define himself, since he felt thisn symbol represented what he was about. This was used as his signature.
The Monogram = Symbols that use just the initials. This could be 1 letter or a combination of letters.
Monograms from the Holy Roman Empire were used by leaders/monarchs. They were put in seals to be used for important communication materials.
Albrecht Durer monogram. This was the first time a monogram was used by an artist.
Johannes Vermeer. This example shows the artist’s clever combination of letters.
A publication that documents symbols and logotypes designed by the company Pentagram across their existance as a design firm.
Above, centre: This design plays with negative space.
Above, right: an example of texture, shape and rotation.
The gestalt principles means that our mind will complete a shape.
When designing a monogram, the initials can be rotated, multiplied, juxtaposed, placed within a shape, etc.
It’s important that the mongram physically reflects the subject it is designed for. For example, the Wouter Boer logo by SPIN is a design for an architecture firm. This monogram gives the impression of stability with its use of right angles and square grid.
The Unilever monogram by Moving Brands shows the initial created using a collection of organic shapes.
The National Theatre monogram, Ian Dennis, from the 1970’s, gives our brains something interesting to piece together visually (getalt). The serif font gives the symbol a smart style.
Considering the example of Piet Zwart’s signature, we thought about how a geometric shape can be used within a logo. For example a square or circle. We could consider what is inside the shape. A line or texture maybe, that might be used to represent yourself.
The Seed Media Group logo by Sagmeister. The symbol is composed of circles which suggests seeds. The image of the staff on each business card is then illustrated through the changing colour of the dots in the logo.
Logotype for BK Italia by Massimo Vignelli
Logotype by Michael Evamey
I found this book on logotypes very interesting and easy to digest. I’ve included exerpts from the book here:
‘Verbal and visual unite in logotypes. The art is in the concept of a logotype; in the crystallization of a visual idea. This can emerge from extended, educated experimentation with type and letterforms until something – a solution – appears. It can arrive as the result of a chance observation – a misspelt word, a slip of the tongue or a fortuitous reflection. Occasionally, the idea drops into the mind when least expected. There is a eureka moment. For Alan Fletcher (1931–2006), searching for the perfect way to marry an ampersand with an ‘A’ in the V&A monogram, it came during his morning shower.’
Giving character to characters: Typefaces have a Jekyll and Hyde effect on words, and today the range of personalities available is greater than at any time in the past.
Brands are very much more than logos, but logos are what people grow attached to; they offer a focal point for all the feelings, good and bad, about a brand.
‘Everyone can see when a painting or a building or a logotype is aesthetically pleasing, but it’s the job of painters, architects and type designers to figure out why it is. I look at a lot of logotypes and I see missed opportunities. I’ll look at one and see a loop or a different ending, or a ligature that would have made it distinctive.
‘The arrow in the FedEx logo – people love having that pointed out to them. That kind of feature makes every client and every customer happy. And that’s what you’re always reaching for: that special element where the penny drops. ‘Something every designer should do is learn how to achieve expression through type. How do you make a word like “fizzy” look fizzy? It’s not about typing out the name in Helvetica and applying a “fizzy” filter to it. It’s about thinking of an idea and drawing it.
Asprey Luxury goods brand, UK Designed by Pentagram (Angus Hyland), 2002 For the company that has enjoyed royal patronage since 1862, a logotype with stately letterspacing and a final flourish to mark its split from Garrard in 2002.Erco Architectural lighting manufacturer, Germany Designed by Otl Aicher, 1974 A font whose letters are composed of thick strokes is said to be ‘bold’; one whose letters have fine strokes is termed ‘light’. Erco, a company that illuminates architectural environments, has for almost 40 years been graced by a logotype that gets lighter with every letter.Ruth Tomlinson Bespoke jeweller, UK Designed by Felt Branding (Scott Manning, Tom Rogers), 2009 Jeweller to the A-list, Ruth Tomlinson raised her profile with an elegant, restrained identity that complements the intricate, handcrafted nature of her creations.Teach First Educational charity, UK Designed by Spencer du Bois (John Spencer), 2010 Calm, solidity and understated confidence for a highly regarded independent charity.Spiritualized Rock band, UK Designed by Farrow, 1997 Created to coincide with the release of the third Spiritualized album, Ladies and Gentlemen We Are Floating in Space, Farrow’s utilitarian Helvetica identity perfectly complemented its packaging for the CD, which parodied packaging for prescription medicine.
Workshop 1 Part A – Monogram
Exploration and variation is the creative journey. This must be done first before making something you like. Today’s workshops are starting off this process of exploring different kinds of marks on paper. This is always worth exploring even if these marks are not used eventually. They could just as likely become a unique symbol for a brand identity.
The Vojo logo by Johnson Banks uses a handwritten style. The mark is softened to look like a crayon marking. This gives the logo a more friendly impression.
I then considered how I could use the texture of the mark in a monogram design.
From the brief:
‘The aim of this workshop is to start exploring the idea of “designing yourself”.
‘Working in pairs choose from the tools provided and make a series of graphic interventions/sketches of your own initials, then exchange tools with the other student and repeat the process.
Exploring multiple graphic solutions, attempt to create a minimum of 6 monograms with the initials of your name.’
I began by using black ink and a paintbrush to create these markings (below). The less ink I used, the more texture was created.
I experimented with uppercase and lowercase letters as well as with ‘DB’ for Demelza Brooks and DD for Demelza Design. I felt that these letters were fun to work with.
It was helpful working in a pair because I could both have helpful input about my own ideas and be thinking in terms of a different pair of initials.
I used felt pen as well as pencil. I found that changing the drawing material had the biggest impact on the drawing and whether I liked the idea or not. The material also changed what I drew.
Lowercase ‘d’ and ‘b’. I played on the mirror image of the initials.
The thought behind these markings was to have a lowercase ‘d’ on the left and uppercase ‘B’ on the right. The gap at the centre would be in place of the d’s ascender. However, it didn’t really work because the counter of the ‘d’ looked more like a ‘C’. I do however like the texture of the brushstrokes.
I used the same idea as above, but using a central straight line to become the d’s ascender. I’m still not sure that it doesn’t appear as a ‘c’ again.
I flipped the d so that the shape would appear more like an uppercase ‘D’ instead. This did help the design.
I considered placing one initial inside the other. In both cases, placing the b inside the d.
Workshop 1 Part B – Logo Shapes
The second part of today’s workshop focused on the use of shapes in a logo.
We were asked to consider what shape we felt represented our own identity the most. I really wasn’t sure which shape I felt like. None jumped out to me, but I can see elements of both the square and circle in my personality (see below).
I’m organised, loyal, detailed and patient but I’m also a sensitive person. I feel emotions quite deeply and can be quite talkative.
I therefore wondered how I might be able to combine both shapes into 1 symbol. I explored this using ink and pen again:
I thought of this shape as a compromise of both shapes. The square is imperfect and diconnected at the corners. Using ink and paintbrush gave the square a softer more organic feeling, in line with how I approach life. The sponge markings were accidental but I like their addition to the marks.
I considered a teardrop shape as another shape that could represent my identity. (Because of my emotional side and a sense of easy going flow). The bottom left shows the d and the top right shows a b. The straight line could also indicate my organised tendencies.
Another flowy shape, I used a felt pen to draw a symbol reminiscent of 2 leaves growing on a stem or maybe 2 musical notes. I purposely used a double line to create a sense of flowing movement and an organic quality.
From Logotype by Michael Evamy:
‘Sometimes a logotype needs its own space: a frame or area in which to make its presence felt. The variables here are shape, proportion and the position of words and characters within the space. Geometric shapes allude loosely to badges and labels, but carriers and frames can take any form, from abstract to allegorical to literal.’
After the workshop, I continued to doodle in my own time:
I asked a creative friend of mine, who has known me a few years, what she felt my professional identity would be. her reply was ‘something flowy.’ She felt that an accurate mark for me would be something like a painbrush or pen line.
I feel that sometimes those around us can point out these impressions better than we can see them in ourself.